Have your gums ever bled when you were brushing or flossing? Most of us can relate to this situation. Gum bleeding has several potential causes and degrees of severity. Gum bleeding might be due to brushing too vigorously, or it could indicate a more serious problem, such as gum disease. The CDC reports that about half of all Americans aged 30 and up exhibit symptoms of gum disease, such as swollen, red, or bleeding gums. This article will go through the reasons for and solutions to the problem of bleeding gums.
The Roots of Gum Bleeding
Plaque accumulation on teeth is a common culprit in developing bleeding gums. Bacteria in the mouth form a sticky film called dental plaque. The bacteria erode tooth enamel and cause gum disease by producing acids when they feast on the carbohydrates and foods we eat.
Gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease, is characterized by gum inflammation. Inflamed gums often appear red, swollen, sensitive, and prone to bleeding.
Gingivitis, if left untreated, can develop into periodontal disease, which is far more painful and destructive to teeth and gums. Periodontal disease causes more than just bleeding and inflammation of the gums; it can also weaken the bone that holds teeth in place. Not only that, but research has also connected periodontal disease to systemic diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Overzealous Tooth Brushing
Your gums may bleed because of the way you brush them. Brushing too hard might cause a recession and bleeding of the gums because of the damage done to the gum tissue.
Including Stiff Bristles into Your Toothbrush
The quality of your toothbrush may also impact the condition of your gums. Your gums may bleed if you use a toothbrush with hard bristles.
Deficiencies in Vitamins
Bleeding gums might be a sign of a vitamin deficiency. Vitamin C deficiency has been linked to poor wound healing, receding gums, and other symptoms.
Inadequate vitamin K intake has also been linked to bleeding gums because of its role in blood clotting.
Pregnancy and other hormonal changes affect the body’s natural anti-inflammatory response. Pregnancy gingivitis is when the gums become inflamed and bleed easily. It’s crucial to stay up with your monthly dental checkups and maintain good oral hygiene at home through your pregnancy.
Poor wound healing from diabetes might compromise your body’s ability to fight off infections like gum disease. Diabetic patients frequently suffer from gum bleeding.
Scurvy is an extremely uncommon disease brought on by a deficiency in vitamin C and a poor diet. Bleeding gums characterize Scurvy.
Negative effects on the oral cavity, such as those caused by smoking, are well established. Bleeding gums, gum disease, and oral cancer are among conditions that can be made worse by smoking.
How to Stop Your Gums from Bleeding
Use a Soft-Bristled Toothbrush to Clean Between the Teeth Carefully
By brushing too hard, harm can be done to the teeth and gums. Use a manual or electric toothbrush with soft bristles and a gentle hand while cleaning your teeth. The American Dental Association recommends replacing your toothbrush every three to four months or when it shows signs of wear (ADA).
Make Everyday Flossing a Habit
Good dental hygiene, including preventing bleeding gums, is impossible to achieve without regular flossing. To prevent cavities from forming in the tight spaces between your teeth, you should floss at least once daily to remove food debris and dental plaque.
Gargle with an Antibacterial Mouthwash
If you want to keep your gums from bleeding, using an antiseptic mouthwash after brushing and flossing is a terrific idea. It’s been shown to reduce bad breath and gum disease-causing germs.
Have Your Teeth Cleaned and Checked by a Dentist Periodically
Keeping your teeth and gums healthy requires routine dental exams and cleanings. Dental experts can help you avoid gum disease and other oral health problems by removing bacterial dental plaque and keeping you on a regular cleaning schedule.
Be on Top of Your Vitamin Intake and Eat Healthily
Maintaining healthy gums requires focusing on eating well and getting enough vitamins and minerals. Carbohydrates are a favorite food for oral bacteria, which can lead to various problems for your teeth and gums. Vegetables, fruits, and lean protein should all be in your daily diet.
How to Stop a Bleeding Gum in a Hurry
Use a Bandage
A clean gauze pad should be applied to the wound to fast halt the bleeding. It’s important to let your dentist know if you’re experiencing prolonged bleeding from your gums since this might indicate a more serious health issue.
Using a Saltwater Bath to Wash
It is common knowledge that gargling with salt water will kill harmful germs in the mouth and alleviate gum bleeding. Rinsing with a solution of half a teaspoon of salt to 8 ounces of warm water is recommended by the American Dental Association (ADA).
Lessen Your Tension
There is substantial evidence connecting stress to immune system dysfunction. The immune response to gum infections may be influenced by stress, according to the findings of a recent study. Neglecting one’s dental hygiene because of stress is a common cause of gum disorders, including bleeding gums. Engage in activities such as meditation, yoga, exercise, and any other interests that help you relax.
Use a Cold Compress or Ice
If your bleeding gums result from an accident or trauma, applying an ice pack or cold compress to the affected area will help alleviate pain and stop the bleeding. Ten-minute intervals of ice use are recommended.
Dental Care and When to go
- If precautionary precautions are taken, and bleeding gums still occur,
- If you notice any discomfort or swelling in your gums,
- If additional signs, including a bad taste in your mouth or gum recession accompany bleeding,
See a dentist immediately if you have any symptoms of a dental infection, such as painful or swollen gums that don’t go away, teeth that are loose or falling out, or receding gums. They will aid in making a diagnosis and will advise on the best course of action to restore your oral health.
Don’t freak out if you have any gum bleeding. Don’t disregard gum bleeding if you’ve noticed it’s persistent. Gum bleeding might be an indication of a more serious problem. See your dentist to discover what’s causing your gums to bleed and what may be done to stop it.