Can You Explain What Oral Surgery is?
Oral surgery can refer to a wide variety of procedures performed on the patient’s teeth, gums, jaw, or even other areas of the head and neck region. A general dentist or a dental specialist, such as an oral and maxillofacial surgeon or a periodontist, may be able to conduct a wide variety of dental procedures for you, including dental implants, tooth extractions, gum treatments, and many others (gum specialist).
Procedures that are Common in Oral Surgery
Surgical Removal of Teeth
Tooth extractions are one of the most common surgical operations performed nowadays. Suppose severe tooth decay or damage impacts the tooth to the point where other dental procedures, such as root canals and restorative treatment, cannot save it. In that case, your dental professional may recommend that you have the tooth removed. Other dental procedures that could save the tooth include dental implants. In some cases, such as during orthodontic treatment, removing teeth to alleviate crowding or other problems related to the bite (braces) is necessary.
Extraction of Wisdom Teeth
There is a good chance that you are acquainted with someone who has had to have their wisdom teeth out. Wisdom teeth, referred to as third molars, are the final set of molars to erupt into the mouth, although they do not always emerge completely through the gums. In addition to this, there is a possibility that these teeth will emerge in the incorrect place. In certain circumstances, your dentist may suggest removing them as a necessary treatment option. It is also usual practice to urge extraction of the wisdom teeth if there is insufficient space for the teeth or if there is evidence of infection, cysts, tumors, tooth decay, damage to other teeth or oral tissues, or other issues.
Dental Implant Installation
Dental implants are an excellent treatment option for replacing one or more lost teeth and restoring the full appearance of your smile. They have a high success rate and do not require any preparation of the teeth next to the space being filled. To successfully install an implant, you need to have sufficient bone height and thickness and practice proper dental hygiene. When the implants have sufficiently healed, dental crowns, bridges, or dentures may be attached to them to complete the restoration process.
Surgical Adjustment of the Jaw
If it is determined that you have a problem with the skeletal jaw, you may be advised to have jaw surgery. Chewing, dental alignment, speech, airway, and facial abnormalities may all benefit from this surgery, which may be advised for improvement in these areas. In addition to receiving orthodontic therapy, patients frequently have corrective jaw surgery.
Sleep Apnea Therapy
Problems with sleeping and breathing affect a significant number of people all around the world. Sleep problems, such as obstructive sleep apnea, have been linked to various adverse health effects. Sleep apnea is defined by pauses in breathing that occur repeatedly throughout sleep, and a certified medical professional can only identify the condition. If the condition has been identified, a referral to an oral surgeon or another qualified dental expert for treatment may be made. Oral appliances, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, and even surgery are potential treatment options for more severe types of sleep apnea. Several body parts, such as your jaws, the back of your throat, your neck, or even your nasal cavity, could be operated on during surgical operations.
When severe bone loss has occurred in your jaws, a bone transplant may be advised as a treatment option. Periodontal disease is a severe form of gum disease frequently brought on by dangerous bacterial tooth plaque. This condition is one of the leading causes of bone loss. In addition, because these regions do not receive the stimulation necessary for bone formation, they experience increasing bone loss over time. When replacing lost teeth with healthy alternatives such as dental implants, a bone graft may be required before the execution of the procedure for the implant to survive.
Infection of the Face / Treatment of Facial Wounds
Oral surgery can help treat various face conditions, including restoring damaged nerves, facial injuries, and cleft lips and palates. Infections of the face and malignancies of the mouth, head, and neck can sometimes be treated using treatments that are performed during oral surgery. These therapies have the potential to save lives while also assisting in the restoration of normal function and attractiveness.
What should You Anticipate Before Receiving Oral Surgery?
Your dental specialists will conduct a comprehensive clinical examination and evaluate your medical and dental history before beginning the oral surgery operation that you have scheduled. In addition to that, dental radiographs could be taken of the patient. They will address any queries or concerns you may have about the operation you will undergo. To ensure your comfort throughout the procedure, your doctor may recommend either local anesthetic or sedative techniques, such as administering nitrous gas, intravenous sedation, or general anesthesia. Following your surgery, you will receive instructions on how to care for yourself in the postoperative period.